Emergency Drought Response in Kenya
WASDA operates in areas inhabited by pastoral communities that are highly dependent on Livestock for their social and economic well being. These areas are highly vulnerable to unpredictable climatic changes and are constantly faced with drought, epidemic diseases in Livestock. Animal health, Education, Water and Social services are poorly developed in the pastoral areas due to logistical difficulties, insecurity, resource constraints, cultural biases and inappropriate policies on pastoral development.
Therefore the organization is currently supporting the following emergency programs to improve the sustainability and livelihood of the communities in the area:
- CASH RELIEF: The objective of the program being to increase household income and improve their purchasing power. 8330 households were targeted in both Wajir north and south where each household receives ksh. 3000 per month for six cycles and these are the most drought affected households.
- CASH FOR WORK: The program targeted 1000 beneficiaries for both Wajir south and north. Conditional cash was given when drought was not severe and people could undertake activities which are not labour intensive mainly: tree planting, garbage collection/environmental cleaning, fencing of dams. Cash 10,000 was distributed to each targeted vulnerable households.
- WATER TRUCKING: To strengthen the ability of communities and households to cope with the prolonged drought WASDA is providing water to the most drought affected areas where there is no source of water in both south and north. Recently WASDA has extended its service provision of water trucking and fuel subsidy to Garissa district:
- FUEL SUBSIDIES: fuel is given to highly mechanized boreholes in Wajir south, north and Garissa. The objective was to provide water at subsidized price to the drought affected communities.
- WASH: The program mainly deals with hygiene promotion in schools and villages for both south and north.
Emergency Drought Response in Somalia
WASDA is scaling up its humanitarian programme in South Somalia to respond to the emergency crisis that was declared which led to the food and water security crisis –
WASDA in partnership with Oxfam GB is involved in the following projects:
- EXTENSIONS OF THE ECHO WASH AND LIVELIHOODS: covering mostly the riverine area in west Jilib.
- EC LIVELIHOODS PROJECT TARGETING LONG TERM PROJECTS: targeting pastoralist areas in 7 villages in Afmadow - one activity per village.
- UNICEF FUNDED IDPS TRANSIT POINT SUPPORT PROJECT IN DOBLEY TOWN: includes water trucking, boreholes support, construction of latrines for IDPs transit centres, Hygiene promotion activities and non food items distribution.
- EMERGENCY CASH TRANSFER IN MIDDLE AND LOWER JUBA REGIONS: Targets 14600 households in both regions. It also includes support to 3000 farmers with farm inputs such as seeds, and technical support. Has some WASH activities like rehabilitation of shallow wells, public health promotion and boreholes support.
- CHF PROJECT: mainly drilling of 3 boreholes and infrastructure development for the boreholes. It also rehabilitates 10 shallow wells for the riverine areas to improve access to safe water.
- SIDA FUNDED EMERGENCY DROUGHT RESPONSE PROJECT: that support three key sectors - food security improvement, water, sanitation and health. It involves provision of fodder seeds to farmers, diesel support, boreholes support, and rehabilitation of Dobley general hospital among other activities. WASDA’s Nutritional program involves the following projects:
- SOMALIA EMERGENCY DROUGHT DISPLACEMENT RESPONSE PROJECT: This is mainly a nutrition project that supports 2800 malnourished children, pregnant and lactating mothers and elderly persons in two villages Diff and Dobley. NFI distribution aims at the IDP’s who migrated from other parts of Somalia and are settling or are in transit within the vicinity of Dobley and Diif.
Phase I one of the project ended in October 2011 and phase two started in November 2011 and will support 33,660 beneficiaries.
The project covers:
(1) Nutrition - Supplementary and Therapeutic Feeding Program,
(2) Desilting of earth pans and rehabilitation of boreholes, fuel subsidies for water pumps, and water supply to the feeding centers and,
(3) Distribution of non food items - hygiene kits and sanitation tools in Dobley and Diif and surrounding villages for a period of 3 months. Lastly the water trucking targets all the beneficiaries attending the SFP centers (supplementary and therapeutic feeding).
8. Children international funded project: The project is a live saving, emergency intervention that aims to improve the nutrition level of children in Southern Somalia.
WASDA staffs to do active case finding of malnourished children from the villages by conducting house to house campaign to actively find cases of malnourished children from the villages through screening and admitting them into the programme registrations, this will be done in all 5 districts Dobley, Tabta, Qoqani, Degelema, Shabax so as to capture all children who are malnourished in that region.